The Rossland Streamkeepers is a citizen organization passionate about water and the protection and enhancement of our creeks, wetlands and groundwater for the benefit of ecosystems, people who live in Rossland area and downstream dwellers and future generations.
Have you ever wondered where the source of Trail, Topping, Hanna and Murphy creeks originate from and the journey they take to the Columbia River? Are you the type of person who loves to spend time near water and excite your senses with sounds and colours of flowing streams? If you are like many Canadians who regard water as the most precious resource then join up with the Rossland Streamkeepers and participate in a discovery of the creeks that support life in your home and playground. We are looking for volunteers and also for stories, facts and points of interest on our creeks.
Rossland Streamkeepers is a not for profit organization with programs supported by the Rossland Society for Environmental Action.
Facts for Trail Creek Watershed
Elevation Change Meters
What we do
The Rossland Streamkeepers are responsible citizens who work collectively to achieve the following goals;
- Foster cooperation and collaboration among all groups involved in watershed stewardship;
- Enable better understanding and protection of our aquatic resources in a changing climate;
- Build capacity for watershed enhancement projects;
- Acquire and generate information and data for the management of aquatic resources and provide input into land-use planning and development decisions.
Project 1. Trail Creek Flow Monitoring
A flow monitoring station (TCW02) was installed on upper Trail Creek in Rossland in 2017/18. The parameters measured at TCW02 are air and water temperature, water pressure transducer for water level and conductivity using Onset dataloggers. Water level is recorded from a staff gauge in a stilling well and flow velocity is determined seasonally using a Transparent Velocity Rod and a Pygmy spinning cup and meter for the purpose of seasonal discharge. Data has been collected since Nov 2017. The goal is to create a discharge curve and share the water temperature data with the Kootenay Hub Data Management System.
Coordinates TCW02 Station: N 49 04.405′, W-117 48.110′
TCW02 Stilling Well Flow Monitoring Station on upper Trail Creek in Rossland.
The objective of the Upper Trail Creek monitoring station and program is to collect scientifically defensible water data by measuring velocity, water level, temperature and conductivity. The upper Trail Creek has never been gauged before. The dataloggers are in and flow velocity is being measured ! These measurements will be used to create a discharge chart which is useful for predicting water flow. The Rossland Streamkeepers, in conjunction with the Rossland Society of Environmental Action (RSEA), would like to thank the generous sponsors who contributed to the purchase and install of the equipment namely the Columbia Basin Trust, FortisBC, City of Rossland, and Hinterland Surveying. Thanks to Dan Horn for his carpentry in constructing the Still Well box.
Monitoring Graphs for Stilling Well
Plot of Spring freshet 2017-18 water level measurements from the staff gauge inside the Stilling-well at the lower Rossland station.
Water (head) pressure from Pressure Transducer (equivalent to water level) and water temperature plots from dataloggers at the Still-well station in lower Rossland.
Streamkeeper Ron Dennet takes a velocity measurement at TCW02 gauge station on April 28, 2018. Four days of sunny warm weather followed by a rain popped the Trail Creek to flood levels over 30 cm from winter lows. Velocity is measured with a Pygmy spinning cup and a PVD100 meter. Low flow, shallow conditions velocities are measured with a home-made Transparent Velocity Head Rod. Water level recordings from the gauge taken with velocity measurements during different flow conditions will be used to construct a discharge curve.
Project: Tributary Temperature
in Trail Creek Watershed
The project “Trail Creek Watershed Tributary Temperature Monitoring” is an extension of the Trail Creek Flow Monitoring Station. It has been generously supported by FortisBC, CBT and RDKB Area”B”. Nine temperature Blue-tooth enabled TidBit data loggers were deployed in tributaries of Trail Creek Watershed in March 2019. The objective is to determine seasonal temperatures in the tributary creeks. This data may lend to the interpretation of creek source, whether a tributary creek is ephemeral or gets too warm to support fish habitat. Tidbits were deployed in each of the following creeks prior to outflow into Trail Creek: Centennial, Falaise Adit, Golpher, Cemetery, Tiger, Milkranch, Cambridge, Warfield (unknown name), and Haley (see map for locations). Continuous temperature data will be uploaded seasonally and comparisons will be made over a 5 year period.
Water Temperature Graphs
HOBO Tidbit Temperature dataloggers were programmed to record the temperature (every 8 hours) of each tributary creek. They were placed in each tributary (see map) in March 2019 and the data uploaded in November 2019. This represents a full cycle of seasonal temperatures.
The main observations from data collected by the HOBO Tidbit Temperature dataloggers are:
1. The constant temperature range of Falaise and Haley creeks suggest they are groundwater source. Falaise flows from mine tunnels tied to Red Mountain; Haley flows from the toe of Teck Fertilizer Plant and Landfill. Warfield Creek dives underground in upper Warfield and empties from a culvert into Trail Creek.
2. Golpher, Milkranch and Cementary Creeks went dry in August. When creeks go dry the datalogger records the air temperature. You will see spikes to 20 C and dips below 0 C. The datalogger in Milkranch disappeared in July (some data lost) and was replaced in September.
3. The flow and temperature profile in Tiger and Cambridge creeks closely resembles Topping Creek. Cambridge Creek runs from a lake. As Trout have been observed in both Tiger and Cambridge creeks, it is important that the summertime temperature does not get too warm. Maximum temperature in the summer did not exceed 16 C.
Stream Flow 101
A one-day flow monitoring course 101 was developed by the Rossland Streamkeepers. The course provides students with hydrology basics and to learn different techniques to measure creek flow and use their data to determine discharge.
Students from 7 Summit Centre for Learning take their classroom tools and learning to the field. Rossland Streamkeepers teamed up with Instructor Jonathon Colehill class to measure the three most important factors of Trail Creek discharge: slope, channel area and velocity. Students peak inside the still-well to read the water level staff gauge. It was rainy and the creek was on the rise. Wet but happy.
Know Your Watershed WildSight Course
Bill Coedy of Rossland Streamkeepers has been contracted by WildSight to deliver the CBT sponsored Know Your Watershed program to Grade 9 classes in Rossland and Trail for the 2019/20 year. The program is free but transportation costs (tour or field) are the responsibility of the school. Students learn about where their water comes from, how it is treated, how our wastewater is treated, storm drains, assessing water quality stream health by physical, chemical and biological testing. A tour of the water treatment plants, and field trip to a creek is part of the out of class experience.
Grade 9 Crowe K.Percy class: At the Rossland Water Treatment Sand Filter Plant.
Grade 9 FI/RSS B-A.Wood class: Inside the Backwash bunker at the Trail Water Treatment Plant.
Grade 9 Crowe T.Roehrl class: At the Trail Pollution Control Center alias sewage treatment plant
The Streamkeepers collaborated with Megan Cornell a Know Your Watershed instructor with WildSight. A lucky Grade 9 class from J.L. Crowe (seen here at Gyro Park) got to experience the Trail Creek first hand. Don’t you wish the watershed model was a huge cake guys!
The Streamkeepers participated in a Trail Creek field excursion with the RSS Grade 9 French Immersion class. What a fun time ! Thanks Megan Cornell for including us in your program. After the learning session, the students continued to play with water in Gyro Park.
A grade 5 class from Rossland Summit School studies water temperature in the Falaise Adit Creek and discovers ecosystem life in Trail Creek.
Streamkeeper Jess Williams, of Know Your Watershed program, instructs Grade 8 students from 7 Summits Learning School to identify benthic macroinvertebrates collected from Trail Creek.
3D Watershed Model
A portable 3D Model of the Trail Creek Watershed was fabricated from high density foamboard using a digitized topographic map and a ShopBot CNC Printer. A protective plexiglass cover was also constructed at the Midas Lab in Trail. Instructor Jason Taylor of Selkirk College was the fabrication contractor.
The model serves as an educational tool used in outreach sessions by the Rossland Streamkeepers. The model highlights important attributes of the watershed such as creek tributaries, reservoirs, riparian habitat, fish habitat, recreation areas, trails and urban development. The model was funded by RDKB Area B and FWCP. It resides at the RDKB Planning office.
Trail Creek Interpretative Signs
Trail Creek is rich in history and has been modified over the past 125 years by industrial activity and urbanization. The communities of Rossland, Warfield, Annabel and Trail are interconnected by the pathway of water flowing from Red Mountain to the Columbia River. A series of seven interpretative signs are proposed to inform the general public about the features and history of Trail Creek and its riparian ecosystem. The content of the signs is a mixture of archive photos and text based on historical information and watershed facts and points of interest. Archive photos will be purchased from the Trail Museum and the Columbia Basin Institute (Rossland Museum and Discovery Centre). Interior Signs has been contracted to design and produce the 20”x 30” signs on alumpanel. Layout and text of the signs will be reviewed by funders and local community governments. Mofab in Rossland has been contracted to fabricate the mounting structure using 3/8” angle iron. Rossland Streamkeepers plan to install the signs at strategic locations along the Trail Creek. Each sign costs approximately $1,150. This project has received funding support from Teck, CBT, RDKB Area B, Columbia Power, Morrow BioScience Ltd. The City of Rossland, RDKB Area B and the City of Trail will approve locations for signs. “Streamlined” and “Flood of ’69” were installed in September 2019 at the Columbia R Promenade and in the Gulch Park.
Passer by reads history of changes to the Trail Creek mouth on the newly installed Trail Creek Interpretative sign titled “Stream-lined”. Another sign titled “Flood of ’69” is installed at the Gulch Park. Other signs will be installed along the creek within the year.
A picture of a foaming Trail Creek was taken in mid August by a citizen of Rossland. The picture and question why? was posted in Bhubble. Could it have originated from the storm water sewer?
A new road has been pushed through the woods between Mann and Richie Roads. A concerned land owner is concerned that the road has impacted the riparian zone of Topping Creek.
Trail Creek tracing through the Tiger Switchback triplicate tunnels in November. Warning Note: only try this during low flow.
The Streamkeeper Show & Tell road show was held during Jan and Feb of 2019. It started at the Rossland Library during Winter Carnival and then moved across the street to the Credit Union.
The show then moved downstream to the Visac Gallery to speak to the Trail Rotary. Thanks for the free lunch guys! In the foreground of the pic is the first of seven interpretative signs for the Trail Creek called “Stream-lined”.
The Rossland Streamkeepers continued the Show&Tell road show to the Senior Centre in Trail on Feb 19. The Lower Columbia Unitarian Chapter extended an invitation to the Streamkeepers to share findings and displays on the Trail Creek Watershed. The theme and meditation of their gathering was based on the importance of water. The LC Unitarians acknowledged that the gathering took place on the traditional unceded territory of the Ktunaxa, Syilx and Sinixt indigenous peoples. Thank you for your support of the Trail Creek Watershed streamkeeper program.
The Streamkeepers were invited by the Rossland Rotary to speak about their programs at the Rock Cut at the end of May. Thanks Mic ! Always happy to discuss new ideas with a receptive audience.